Real Estate

Five Essential Facts About Moving to Monaco

Five Essential Facts About Moving to Monaco

Monaco, the epitome of luxury and opulence, has long attracted the wealthy and famous, not only for its glamour but also for its quality of life. However, there is more to Monaco than meets the eye. This sunny, Mediterranean nation is not just a playground for the wealthy; it’s a complex and fascinating place with its own set of rules, quirks, and advantages. If you’re contemplating a move to this picturesque principality, here are five essential facts you should know.

1. Residency Requirements and Regulations

Thorough Vetting

Monaco takes its immigration process very seriously. Whether you hail from an EU country or a non-EU nation, the vetting process is stringent. You’ll need to demonstrate your ability to support yourself financially, either through substantial savings, a job, or by setting up a business.

Opening a Bank Account

A unique aspect of Monaco’s residency requirements is the need to open a bank account with a specified deposit in a Monaco-based bank. The amount can vary depending on the bank and your circumstances. Typically, you’re expected to maintain this deposit for the duration of your stay.

Accommodation is a Must

You cannot become a resident without proving you have somewhere to live. That means either renting a property for a minimum of 12 months or purchasing real estate. Proof of accommodation is an essential criterion for getting your residence permit approved. If you’re looking for property for sale in Monaco, make sure your budget is looking healthy. 

Police Interview

Yes, you read that right. As part of the process, you’ll need to attend an interview with the local police, who will assess your application before granting residence status.

2. Cost of Living: Bring Your Wallet

Real Estate Prices

Monaco’s real estate is among the most expensive in the world. The demand far outweighs the supply, leading to sky-high prices. You might end up paying millions for a small two-bedroom flat. Renting isn’t much cheaper, with one-bedroom apartments in the city centre costing anywhere between €3,000 to €7,000 per month or even more.

Everyday Expenses

While Monaco is a tax haven, it’s essential to understand that daily living expenses are far from cheap. Expect to pay premium prices for most goods and services, from groceries to dining out and private schooling for children.

3. Taxation: What You Keep is Yours, Mostly

No Personal Income Tax

One of Monaco’s most attractive features is the lack of personal income tax, making it incredibly appealing for high net worth individuals. However, it’s not a complete tax-free zone; there are other forms of taxation.

French Nationals Pay French Taxes

Due to a bilateral agreement with France, French nationals residing in Monaco continue to pay French income and wealth taxes. This rule is a significant caveat for French citizens eyeing a move to Monaco for tax benefits.

4. Language and Culture: French First

Language Barrier

The official language is French, and while you can get by speaking English, life is undoubtedly easier if you know the local language. Many administrative processes, forms, and even social engagements are conducted in French, so some degree of fluency will make your transition smoother.

A Melting Pot

Monaco is incredibly diverse, owing to its appeal to international jet-setters and business people. While you’ll hear multiple languages and experience different cultures, it is crucial to remember that Monaco retains its distinct Mediterranean and French influences.

5. Healthcare: World-Class But Pricey

Compulsory Health Insurance

Healthcare in Monaco is exceptional but expensive. Health insurance is mandatory, and while you can temporarily use the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) if you’re from an EU country, you’ll eventually need to get local coverage.

Princess Grace Hospital

The state-of-the-art Princess Grace Hospital offers a broad range of medical services and is known for its high quality of care. However, the cost can be high, especially for specialised treatments.


Moving to Monaco offers numerous advantages, such as a luxurious lifestyle, an attractive tax regime, and a high standard of living. However, these benefits come with their own set of challenges, from stringent residency requirements to a high cost of living. The key to a successful move lies in understanding these intricacies and preparing for them adequately. A life in Monaco is not just an extravagant dream but a practical reality that demands thoughtful planning and consideration. With its exceptional safety, healthcare, and quality of life, the rewards can be tremendous for those who make the effort to assimilate and navigate the complexities of Monegasque life.